‘ Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. (…) And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.’
Simon Vouet – “Korsfästelsen” (1622). Chiesa del Gesù
Onderzoeker Arne Eickenberg heeft een interessant artikel geschreven over de aardbeving en de duisternis bij de kruisiging van Jezus. Met name de beschreven passages in Mattheus vertonen overeenkomst met bronnen die de bijzetting van Caesar beschrijven. Is de aardbeving en de duisternis bij Jezus oorspronkelijk die van Caesar? Quod erat demonstrandum!
Arne J Eickenberg (Foto: Zitty Berlin)
‘Our modern times have seen enormous scientific progress, but the darkness of the sun at the sixth hour during the Crucifixion of Jesus has probably puzzled everyone, who tried to wrap his head around it from a perspective of natural sciences, because it cannot be explained by celestial phenomena like solar or lunar eclipses. Furthermore, it is obviously accompanied by a natural catastrophe, so alternative theories like a sandstorm or a thunderstorm were also alleged, which however cannot explain the earthquake. So in general, many scholars have come to believe that the synoptic accounts of the darkness and the immense cataclysm in the Gospel of Matthew are simply mythical passages, fictional exaggerations, inventions by the Evangelists with only a symbolic meaning.’
Inmiddels legt Arne Eickenberg de laatste hand aan een verder onderzoek over deze materie: DIE SECHSTE STUNDE – Synopsen zum historischen Ursprung der Wunder und Naturkatastrophen in der Passion Christi, Ludwig, Kiel 2015.